Tehran Province

Tehran Province is located in the Alborz mountain range to the north and across the central plateau of Iran to the south. The metropolitan of Tehran, the centre of this province, is the capital of Iran and is the most populated city of Iran, which is the home of people from various ethnic groups.

The existence of the Alborz mountain range, Qom deserts, Qazvin plain and Semnan deserts have different impacts on the climate of this province and have caused the formation of different temperatures in it; The high altitudes of the province experience long winters, and the foothills have humid and cold weather, short winters and long, hot summers.

In Tehran, due to the size and the lifestyle that is affected by this size and speed of life, restaurants and food that is cooked outside the home play a significant role in daily life. Valakupolo is one of the local dishes of Tehran. Sachin of Firoozkooh, Dempakhtak, and Sargonjeshki are other local dishes of Tehran.

The apple of Damavand is one of the highest-grade apples in Iran. Raisins of Shahriar, and Golaj of Firoozkooh, which are local bread baked by Firoozkooh nomads, are some of the other souvenirs of Tehran. Moreover, Varni Barfi, Jajim and Batik printing are only a few handicrafts of Tehran province.

Tehran Province
Tehran Province

Tehran city

Until 200 years ago, on the foothills of the Alborz Mountains, Tehran was a small village with mild weather, which only a few people had heard its name, but this small village was selected as the capital city of the Qajar dynasty in the 18th and 19th centuries. Since that time, the world has known Tehran as the main centre of Iranian politics and economy. Since then, many people have immigrated to Tehran and have made it a densely populated city. Although Tehrān has been the capital city of Iran for only 200 years, the civilization of this city dates back to 7000 BC.

Museum of Ancient Iran

This museum, with an area of 2744 square meters, was built in 1935 under the supervision of French architect Andrea Guitar. This is the first science museum in Iran and contains objects related to the civilization and art of the pre-historic era, from the 6th millennium BC to the Islamic era. It is one of the most valuable and reputable museums in the world.

Museum of the Contemporary Arts

The museum is located on North Kargar Street next to Laleh Park. The architecture of the building combines traditional and modern styles. This museum, which opened to the public in 1977, has three floors, nine galleries with paintings by Pablo Picasso, Paul Goguen, Cloud Mouneh and George Berg, a library and an audio-visual department.

In the garden, statues by Marino Marini, Parviz Tanavoli, Rene Margaret, Henry Moore, Alexander Calder, Max Bell, Alberto Jakoti, etc., have been gathered. The museum also holds a large part of the illustrated Shahnameh Tahmasebi.

Sa’d Abad

This palace is located in the highest, farthest northern part of Tehran with mild weather conditions. It has an area of 400 hectares, of which 180 hectares have been made into a large garden with different species of flowers and trees. There are 14 buildings in the compound and many recreational facilities such as playgrounds, swimming pools, etc.

Varamin Congregational Mosque (Jama Masjid)

The foundation of this mosque, which is the most important historical structure of the town of Varamin, was constructed during the kingdom of Sultan Mohammad Khodabandeh and was completed during the kingdom of his son, Sultan Abu Said, in the 12th century CE. It was reconstructed by Shahrokh Mirza, one of the kings of the Timurid era in the 13th century. The mosque consists of an entrance gate, a portal, arches and the main part and includes decorations like tile work and scripts.

Tehran Province
Tehran Province

Control Tower (Also translated to Toqrol)

Control Tower is situated in Shahr-e Rey, with a height of 20 meters, and belongs to the Seljuk era (1037-1194). Most probably, this tower is the tomb of Toghril I, the founder of the Seljuk dynasty. It was renovated in the 18th century after the destruction of the majority of its Kufic scripts and designs.

Oshun-Fasham districts

These two regions are located 30 and 35 km northeast of Tehran. They have a mild climate with numerous fruit gardens. Other villages include Ahar, Shekarab, Lalun, Zaygun, Garmab Darreh and Meygun, which are located within the same region and make perfect weekend resorts.

Cheshmeh Ali Spring

The spring is located in the south of Tehran, and people used it for swimming and washing until 1940. The civilization of this area dates back to 4000 BC.

Golestan Palace

This is one of the most stunning and oldest structures of Tehran, which is the memorial of history and governments. It was built by order of king Tahmasb I of the Safavid dynasty in the 16th century CE.

It was renovated by order of Karim Khan of the Zand dynasty in the 18th century and in the Qajar era, was used as the settlement palace of the royal family. It consists of a marble throne, Karim Khani special room, a mirror hall, etc.

Isfahan Province of iran